Some lenders require formation of the personal bankruptcy-remote entity, by mandating that the customer form a brand new special purpose entity (SPE) for the automobile to acquire a loan, that is then susceptible to stringent loan covenants made to minimize the danger that other obligations may be incurred which may drive the SPE into personal bankruptcy. Other lenders require their borrowers to change their business documents to include a number of independent company directors whose consent is needed before certain organic changes, like the commencement of the personal bankruptcy situation, could be implemented.
Many lenders know that an immediate prohibition inside a loan agreement around the filing of the personal bankruptcy papers are unenforceable. A current situation in the U.S. Personal bankruptcy Court in the District of Or, In re Bay Club Partners-472, LLC , highlights an innovative approach carried out by one loan provider to try to overcome this limitation. Rather of getting the prohibition against commencing a personal bankruptcy situation incorporated within the loan agreement, the loan provider needed the customer to amend its operating agreement to stop the commencement of the insolvency proceeding before the loan towards the loan provider was compensated entirely.
Following the customer filed personal bankruptcy, the loan provider filed a motion to dismiss the personal bankruptcy situation. The loan provider contended the borrower’s operating agreement prohibited the customer from declaring personal bankruptcy protection. After concluding the creditor had standing to file for and prosecute the motion to dismiss, the personal bankruptcy court figured that the pre-petition waiver of personal bankruptcy protection was unlike public policy and it was unenforceable.
A legal court known as the lender’s tactic in requiring the customer to amend its operating agreement and insert the prohibition against filing personal bankruptcy “more cleverly insidious” than just inserting an identical provision inside a loan agreement. It had been obvious towards the court the prohibition against filing personal bankruptcy within the borrower’s operating agreement was “a distinction with no significant difference” in the insertion of these a provision inside a loan agreement, as well as in either event was unenforceable ought to be public policy.
This really is not even close to a settled part of the law. Within an earlier situation, In re DB Capital Holdings, LLC , the Personal bankruptcy Appellate Panel for that Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld on appeal a purchase in the personal bankruptcy court granting a motion to dismiss the personal bankruptcy situation of the debtor whose operating agreement prohibited the LLC’s people and management from filing a personal bankruptcy petition. The Tenth Circuit B.A.P. determined that even without the proof of coercion with a creditor that brought the people from the LLC to consider this personal bankruptcy prohibition provision within the LLC’s operating agreement, an order granting the motion to dismiss was appropriate.
The Tenth Circuit’s analysis shows that the scenario which best supports a lender’s objective of lending to some personal bankruptcy-remote entity would be to extend financing to some customer with a personal bankruptcy prohibition provision in the business documents before ever seeking financing. In conjuction with the holding of Bay Club Partners, when the personal bankruptcy prohibition is placed within the borrower’s business documents in the insistence from the loan provider, it seems likely that the court will discover the prohibition is unenforceable like a breach of public policy.